How are sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels related

Engage: Rock Observations Explore: How does sediment form? Explain: What procedures form sedimentary rock? Elaborate: How do fossil fuels form? Evaluate Teacher Notes



How could you design compaction?


Let’s take a closer look at the process of cementation.

You watching: How are sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels related

Click on the hand lens listed below and follow the steps to observe what happens.


What is cementation and also just how could you model it?


Let’s look at an example of exactly how sedimentary rock forms.

Click on the photo below to watch the video.


In order for sedimentary rock to create, the following procedures must happen:


Copy the circulation chart right into a notebook and also complete it utilizing all of these procedures. Two or three processes belengthy in each box.

What execute you recognize around fossil fuels? 

What are fossil fuels?Where are they found?How are they made?

Click here to learn even more. Draw a picture to illustrate the process of fossil fuel development in four steps, start through a living organism.

EngageStudents might answer this question in a myriad of methods, however they have to observe the layering of rock. These pictures are of sedimentary rocks, which are characterized by layering. Examples of sedimentary rock encompass sandrock, limerock, and also shale. The oldest layers of rock are on the bottom through the newest layers on optimal. 

ExploreStudents must start by clicking on the rock cycle photo. It will certainly carry up a website via weathering and erosion video. Instruct students to pay close attention to the vocabulary and also definitions. Sediment forms as soon as wind, water, or ice weathers, or breaks down, rock. These agents then lug the sediment to a brand-new place with the procedure of erosion. At some point, the sediment is deposited, or dropped, in a brand-new location. Students initially learn about the procedures of weathering, erosion, and deplace in fourth grade (TEKS (4)(7)(B)).

Students will learn how igneous and metamorphic rocks create in grade 6 (TEKS (6)(10)(B)). However before, it could assist students to view just how the development of sedimentary rock fits into the rock cycle.

Over time, sediment becomes layered. As the weight of the sediment layers builds, the procedure of compaction occurs as a result of increased push. Compactivity is the procedure of squishing air or water from between sediment pshort articles. 

The process of compaction might be modeled by layering blankets or towels and also then sitting or lying on height of them. The addition of weight squishes the air or water from in between the layers, causing them to thin as a result of boosted pressure. 

Students have to begin by clicking on the hand lens picture. This will certainly carry up a webwebsite by the Geological Society of London. Students must click on the maroon box that says “Play Animation” situated at the bottom of the water and also sand also photo. Allow students time to occupational via the cementation interactive. Instruct students to review the directions and pay close attention to the vocabulary.

Minerals between sediment grains cement, or stick, the individual sediment grains together. This procedure is called cementation. Once the sediment is cemented together, sedimentary rock is developed. Cementation might be modeled a variety of methods, such as putting glue onto a pile of rice grains.

See more: Growing Solar Fire Tomato Seed S, Solar Fire Tomato, Solar Fire Tomato Seeds

Examples of sedimentary rock include sandrock, limestone, and also shale.

ExplainUse this time to even more debrief the Explore tasks.

Solid rock is weathered by wind, water, or ice. The little sediments that break off are eroded and also deposited. The deposited sediment then goes with the processes of compaction and cementation to develop sedimentary rock.

Fossils from dead plants and also pets are found in sedimentary rock. However, students might not know that. If not, tell them that the picture offers clues to the question’s answer. If they look very closely, they will see the alligator in the water.

Over time, fossils are changed right into fossil fuels. Students will check out this in the short video and will certainly learn more about the procedure in Elaborate.

ElaborateInstruct students to click on the image. It will certainly lug up a webwebsite produced by Planet Day Canada. Students will must click the “Start” switch located on the blue “EcoKids” tablet to begin the interactive. They will certainly must read with the “Fossil Fuels” section adhered to by coal, oil, and also organic gas. They can use the navigating keys to scroll up and also dvery own and also to go earlier to the major food selection.

  Fossil fuels are made from the continues to be of prehistoric organisms that were hidden under many type of layers of sediment millions of years back. With increased heat and also press, fossils are turned right into fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are uncovered in sedimentary rock, which is often located beneath a body or previous body of water such as an ocean or swamp.

Fossil fuels are nonrenewable resources that include oil, natural gas, and also coal. They either have to be mined or drilled from Earth and also cannot be conveniently reput in a short amount of time. Students should have actually begun discovering about fossil fuels as nonrenewable sources in fourth grade (TEKS (4)(7)(C)).

Student illustrations of fossil fuel formation will certainly differ. Normally, they need to start via a living organism such as a fish swimming. The adhering to photo might be a dead fish lying on peak of the sand. The next photo might be the fish spanned through a couple of layers of sediment. The last image would be of the fish as a pool of fossil fuel under a number of sediment layers.      

EvaluateThe quiz has five inquiries. Students will have actually 3 attempts to appropriately answer a question before the next question is presented. Each question gives the student through immediate feedearlier. Following the completion of the quiz, students may testimonial the quiz in its entirety to view correct and also incorrect answers.

Answer Key1. true2. sedimentation, compaction, cementation3. weathering, erosion, deposition4. Compaction is the process of squishing air or water from between pwrite-ups of sediment. Cementation is the procedure of minerals sticking individual grains of sediment together.5. plant and also tiny organisms lying on height of sand, plant and also tiny organisms under layers of sediment, plant and also small organisms grayed out under even more layers of sediment